Comics & Animation 1 - Comics & Animation 2
Action Comics began in 1938, with the introduction of Superman. Action Comics was
originally a comic book series that was started by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster's
Superman character. This was the first time that a costumed superhero was the center
of a comic book storyline. It revolutionized the concept of what a comic is or should
Action Comics is still in publication in a monthly format. For a time, there were other
stories that accompanied the Superman comic. They included Zatara, Hayfoot Henry, Congo
Bill, and Tommy Tomorrow. When Supergirl was introduced, however, all other non-Superman
storylines were eliminated from the Action Comics series. Today it is nothing but a
From about 1930-1955 the concept of a superhero in a comic book reigned supreme, mostly due
to the popularity of the Superman character. Even though humor, science fiction,
Westerns, and romance comics were all genres of comics, nothing could top the drama
of a superhero battling the forces of evil. Some of this may have had to do with the
Depression and World War II's influence on American culture.
The Action Comic that was once the hallmark of superhero comics was under investigation by
the late 1940s and early 1950s though. It was not specifically aimed at the Superman
character, but at the concept of superheros all together. Many politicians and
conservatives felt that the comics contributed to the delinquency of children, poor
grades, drug use, crime, and homosexual undertones. A Senate Subcommittee on
Juvenile Delinquency was formed to investigate these concerns. Some schools and parent
groups held public comic book burnings in order to express their concerns over the
content of the comics. Because of these fears of delinquency, circulation of the comics
dropped sharply and superheroes were virtually wiped out as a genre by 1952.
© Cathryne L. Parish 2005
- Cartoon Cove - offers tips on how to draw comic strips and cartoon characters.
- Comic Art & Graffix Gallery - virtual museum and encyclopedia. Includes history, artist bios, advice on collecting, links, and more.
- Comics 21 - wallpapers, cartoons, and posters.
- Anima - annual cartoon and animation festival that offers an opportunity for films to be seen by European film and TV distributors.
- Bradford Animation Festival (BAF) - annual animation festival.
- Cartoombria - International Animation Exhibition - dedicated to online comics and animation, visual effects, and motion capture technique.
- Fantoche International Animation Film Festival - contains information on the competition and Baden, Switzerland. Held in Fall.
- History of Animation, The - essay from Digital Media FX which includes Winsor McCay, the John Bray Studio, Max Fleischer and Walter Lantz, Otto Messmer, and Walt Disney.
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